Other sled dog breeds

Alaskan Malamute


The Alaskan Malamute is one of the oldest arctic dog breeds and was also the only dog breed in the northwestern part of the Arctic until the 19th century. For more than 2,000 years, these dogs have been pulling goods and sleds of the people in this region. In the beginning of the 20th century, the Alaskan Malamute became popular in sled dog sport. During that time they were increasingly crossed with other breeds. Starting from 1926 one began with the pure breeding of this race. The breed is named after the Eskimo tribe of Malamute.
The Alaskan Malamute has a weatherproof double fur, the soft greasy undercoat can be 3-5 cm long, but the dense uppercoat has relatively short hairs. The color spectrum includes black with white marking on the chest, mask and paws, wolf’s gray, as well as some brown colour tones.
There are existing completely red variations as well. All white Alaskan Malamutes are rare. The Malamute - unlike the Siberian Husky - has no blue eyes; pure bvred standards allow for brown, brownish-red and black eyes.
Malamutes are the strongest and biggest of all sled dogs. In contrast to Husky, which was specifically bred for speed, the Malamute has been more bred for pulling heavy loads.
The FCI describes the Alaskan Malamute as an attached, friendly dog and a loyal, devoted companion. It is depicted as a playful - on one hand - dignified on the other hand.

 

Von SCMW - Eigenes Werk, CC BY 3.0, Link

 

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Grönlandhund


T

he Greenland dog belongs to one of the oldest dog breeds. For the Inuit, it was important for survival and has always been used for transport and hunting, but also as a meat reserve for bad times. For this reason the breed selection was mainly based on properties such as strength, robustness, tenacity and endurance.
An attractive external appearance was also sought after. To avoid interbreeding with weaker breeds, the dog equator in West Greenland strictly separates the domains of the Greenland dog from those of other domestic dogs.
The Greenland dogs were later used by many expeditions of western adventurers such as Robert Edwin Peary or Roald Amundsen. They came to realize quickly from the Inuit their advantages for polar regions.
The over 60 cm big sled dog has a double coat: dense and soft undercoat as well as a dense, smooth and tight uppercoat without curls or waves in all colors, both monochrome and multi-colored. The ears are small, triangular, round at the tips and are standing upright. The tail is high, thick and bushy. It is arched or arched slightly over the back.


Von sannse - Photo taken by sannseOriginal: en.wikipedia.org 23:39, 2003-11-25 . . Sannse . . 600x678 (99578 bytes), CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

 

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Samojede


T

he withers' height of a Samoyed is approximately 57 cm (male) and 53 cm (female). The male weighs between 25 and 30 kilograms, the female between 20 and 25 kilograms.
A special feature of the Samojeden is the coat. It serves as a natural protection in the polar climate. The coat is pure white, white and beige or cream. It consists of a dense soft undercoat (cold protection), as well as a longer uppercoat which protects the undercoat from moisture and dirt. The Samojede looses little to no hair, except during the change of coat, which occurs twice a year. The coat is self-cleaning for the most part.
The original Samoyeds also appeared in other fur colors such as brown or black. However, this does not correspond to today's breeding standards.
Samoyed dogs were originally used by the tribe of the Nenets (Samoyed) as working dog, sled dog, herd- and guard dog. In the 19th and 20th century, Samoyed dogs were used as sled dogs by European and American researchers in Arctic and Antarctic.
Although Samojed dogs are actually working dogs, they are used today mainly as house, family or exhibition dogs and only occasionally in a dog sport, for example in agility, with good success. They are used nowadays seldomly as sled dogs in sled dog races, because as persistent they are, they are not as fast as Huskies and less powerful than Malamutes.

 

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Famous dogs

OBERSTEN

 

Oscar Wisting's famous lead dog at Roald Amundsens Expedition to the south pole. The only dog of the expedition team with 100 Greenland dogs that made it back to Norway. He was the best and strongest of all dogs.

 

Read more: Link

Roald Amundsens: Link

 

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